Icarus

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Linney
 
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Icarus

Postby Linney » 04 Feb 2016

On my last viewing of the film I noticed the image on Diane's top she wears at the meeting with Joe in Winkie's. Some believe it to be a Dragonfly, but it is actually of Icarus. The body shape is human and the wings are bird-like (one pair, not two like an insect). When we research Icarus we make some connections.

Icarus

“Literary interpretation has found in the myth the structure and consequence of personal over-ambition.”

“In Greek mythology Icarus is the son of the master craftsman Daedalus, the creator of the Labyrinth. Often depicted in art, Icarus and his father attempt to escape from Crete by means of wings that his father constructed from feathers and wax. Icarus' father warns him first of complacency and then of Hubris, asking that he fly neither too low nor too high, so the sea's dampness would not clog his wings or the sun's heat melt them. Icarus ignored his father's instructions not to fly too close to the sun, whereupon the wax in his wings melted and he fell into the sea. This tragic theme of failure at the hands of hubris (see below) contains similarities to that of Phaethon.”


Daedalus (David Lynch?)

Daedalus, creator of the Labyrinth, “... gave it numberless winding passages and turns that opened into one another, seeming to have neither beginning nor end.” “Daedalus constructed the Labyrinth so cunningly that he himself could barely escape it after he built it.“ I found this quite amusing as DL has stated many times he doesn't always know the answers to the puzzles in his films.

This following detail of the myth is interesting:

“Daedalus built the labyrinth for King Minos, who needed it to imprison his wife's son the Minotaur. The story is told that Poseidon had given a white bull to Minos so that he might use it as a sacrifice. Instead, Minos kept it for himself; and in revenge, Poseidon made his wife Pasipae lust for the bull with the help of Aphrodite. For Pasiphaë, as Greek mythologers interpreted it, Daedalus also built a wooden cow so she could mate with the bull, for the Greeks imagined the Minoan bull of the sun to be an actual, earthly bull, the slaying of which later required a heroic effort by Theseus.

This story thus encourages others to consider the long-term consequences of their own inventions with great care, lest those inventions do more harm than good. As in the tale of Icarus' wings, Daedalus is portrayed assisting in the creation of something that has subsequent negative consequences, in this case with his creation of the monstrous Minotaur's almost impenetrable Labyrinth which made slaying the beast an endeavour of legendary difficulty.”

The “Icarus Complex” in psychology.

“In the psychiatric mind features of disease were perceived in the shape of the pendulous emotional ecstatic-high and depressive-low of bipolar disorder.“ “symptoms particularly in mania where a person is fond of heights, fascinated by both fire and water, narcissistic and observed with fantastical or far-fetched imaginary cognition.”

Hubris

Hubris means, in a modern context, extreme pride or self-confidence; in its ancient Greek context, it typically describes violent and excessive behaviour rather than an attitude. When it offends the gods of ancient Greece, it is usually punished.

Hubris is usually perceived as a characteristic of an individual rather than a group, although the group the offender belongs to may suffer consequences from the wrongful act. Hubris often indicates a loss of contact with reality and an overestimation of one's own competence, accomplishments or capabilities, especially when the person exhibiting it is in a position of power.

Quite a lot of deep meaning from a t-shirt!

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ctyankee
 
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Re: Icarus

Postby ctyankee » 08 Feb 2016

Welcome aboard, Linney.

An interesting idea, to be sure, but is it really supported by the visual evidence?

Unfortunately, because of creases on Diane's T-Shirt (or the like), we don't get a great flat view of the image on the t-shirt. It's unclear what the image really is or even if it was clear we would know exactly what it was. For example, it could simply be fantasy art such as the combination of several ideas. That said it's hard to see the face of the person/creature as human, let alone Icarus.

The only thing that seems clear to me is the image was designed to be feminine in nature. Notice the pronounced hips, the long legs (contrasted with a shorter torso) and the upraised fingers. Additionally, she seems to be wearing high heel shoes or at least feminine appearing shoes.
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Diane's T-Shirt - MD.jpg

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Linney
 
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Re: Icarus

Postby Linney » 24 Feb 2016

Agreed, the image is not exactly that of Icarus, it seems more like a version of Icarus, a stylised female figure with what looks like artificial wings which suggests an Icarus connection. Perhaps this is what DL is hinting at as, at this stage in the story, Diane certainly has fallen back down to earth with a crash after attempting to get close to the bright lights. Also, there are many characters that do literally fall down to earth with a thump in the film: Rita, Dan, Adam, Joe, Rebekah, Diane.


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